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Sunday, December 17, 2017

Tanker incidents 2007

The number of tanker incidents increased by 22% in 2007 to 323 incidents. This increase compares to an increase of 65% in 2006 over 2005. Unfortunately both the number of fatalities and the amount of pollution increased as well (see table below).

 

Looking more closely at the type of incident, the share of Hull & Machinery (H&M) has declined from 33% of the total number of incidents in 2005 to 28% in 2007, but the total number still increased from 74 in 2006 to 91 in 2007.  The biggest single cause of H&M incidents is engine failure (49).  We have recorded 9 hull incidents which are mainly cracking of hull. Otherwise H&M included a great variety of technical problems such 5 black outs, 6 rudder problems and 6 other steering problems. Some 15 of the incidents involved rough weather/lightening.

 

 

Fatalities

Virtually every year there are serious collisions with fishing boats causing fatalities - four of the tanker collisions involve fishing boats. Nineteen people were missing in December after 1998-built, 36,233 dwt, Liberian chemical tanker Formosa Ten collided with a fishing boat in the East China Sea. In addition the South Korean chemical carrier Keoyoung Chemi sank a Chinese fishing boat Zhe Dongyu 7302 some 20 miles off the coast of Wenzhou (400km south of Shanghai) with all 7 crewmen on board - only one was reported rescued.

 

Fourteen seamen were missing in December after 1992-built, 2,588 dwt combined chemical and oil tanker Eastern Bright sank in rough seas off South Korea's south coast. One person was reported killed and seven are missing from a Vietnamese ship after it collided with a gas carrier near the mouth of the Saigon River. An explosion on the 1993- built, 1,500 dwt products tanker Maulana transporting diesel on Sumatra island's Siak river killed four crew members. In addition there were 5 more tanker incidents with 8 fatalities in total.

 

Pollution

The most serious oil spill was the VLCC Hebei Spirit which spilt some 11,000 tonnes of crude oil while it was at anchor and was hit by a crane ship. Then in December, during oil offloading to the 118,500 dwt, 1998-built Navion Britannia from the Statfjord A platform in the North Sea, about 4,000 cubic metres of crude oil was spilled when the platform’s loading hose broke in two. In severe weather in November the 1978-built 4,550 products tanker Volgoneft 139 broke into two parts in the region of tanks 5 and 6 and spilt its cargo.  (The same storm in the Black Sea and Azov Sea also sank four freighters, three carrying sulphur and one with a cargo of scrap metal). In January two Singapore-registered bunker barges collided near Sinagapore's St. John Island on Thursday resulting in a 200-tonne oil spill.  We have also recorded 10 more small oil spills

 

Overview Tanker Incidents 2002-2007

 

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

TCLs*

2

2

1

2

2

 

Pollution**

17.25

10

17

15

42

67

Fatalities***

59

40

26

65

21

16

Type cause

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

No

%

No.

%

No.

%

Collision/contact

90

28%

88

33%

53

33%

42

30%

32

24%

41

15%

Grounding

64

20%

46

17%

33

20%

26

19%

32

24%

39

15%

Fire/Explosion

29

9%

24

9%

15

9%

31

22%

17

13%

14

5%

Hull & machinery

91

28%

74

28%

53

33%

23

16%

34

26%

41

15%

Misc/unknown

45

14%

31

12%

5

3%

17

12%

16

12%

12

5%

Hostilties

2

1%

2

1%

2

1%

1

1%

0

0%

2

1%

Total

321

100%

265

100%

161

100%

140

100%

131

100%

149

56%

 

 

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

dwt range

Tankers

Total

%

Rate

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

Total

%

Below 10,000

8,371

140

44%

0.017

138

52%

69

43%

32

23%

36

27%

10-29,999

1,444

54

17%

0.037

33

12%

34

21%

34

24%

38

29%

30-99,999

2,580

78

24%

0.030

63

24%

40

25%

51

36%

40

31%

100,000+

1,401

49

15%

0.035

31

12%

18

11%

23

16%

17

13%

Total

13,796

321

100%

0.023

265

100%

161

100%

140

100%

131

100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Age

No

Total

%

Rate

Total

%

No.

%

No

%

No

Average built

Unknown

 

3

1%

 

13

5%

 

 

3

2%

3

2%

Built 1970s

3,279

35

11%

0.011

35

13%

25

16%

31

23%

25

19%

Built 1980s

2,929

68

21%

0.024

67

25%

51

32%

38

28%

48

37%

Built 1990s

3,425

106

33%

0.031

80

30%

56

35%

39

29%

43

33%

Built 2000s

3,570

109

34%

0.031

70

26%

29

18%

28

21%

13

10%

Total

13203

321

100%

0.024

265

100%

161

100%

136

100%

129

100%

*Total constructive Losses (Source: Clarkson)

**Pollution 1000 ts (Source: ITOPF)

***Source: LMIU/various

 

The reports we receive contain too little information to do any comprehensive analysis with regard to root causes or any to conclude on the reason why the number of tanker incidents – particularly the number of engine failures - are increasing strongly. One reason is increased trade, but his can only explain part of the increase.

 

We have seen that there have been other reports that confirm that there is an increase in the number of accidents. We know that shipping has been expanding strongly during this decade, not only tankers, but all other shipping segments. Such a major expansion of the fleet is bound to place a strain on resources, not least human resources, with education and training of both ship and shore personnel running to keep up.

 

Contact: Erik Ranheim