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Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Vigilance still crucial as piracy High Risk Area in the Indian Ocean reduced


8 October 2015

Vigilance still crucial as piracy High Risk Area in the Indian Ocean reduced

Organisations representing the global shipping and oil industry have announced that the size of the ‘High Risk Area’ for piracy in the Indian Ocean has been reduced and issued new advice to merchant ship operators.

This reduction to the High Risk Area is in response to the ongoing containment of pirate attacks in the Indian Ocean, but a group of shipping and oil industry organisations (BIMCO, International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), Intercargo, INTERTANKO and the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) stressed that a serious threat remains and that correct reporting and vigilance remains crucial.

The reduction of the High Risk Area takes full account of recent shipping industry experience, and follows extensive consultation with governments through the diplomatic Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, and military naval forces, including NATO, Combined Maritime Forces and EU NAVFOR, which continue to provide vital protection to shipping. 

The new industry advice, which takes effect from 1 December, changes that currently contained in the latest edition of Best Management Practices for Protection against Somali Based Piracy (BMP 4), which is jointly produced by the industry group.

The amendment to BMP 4 that relates to this issue can be downloaded via each shipping organisations’ website (as can BMP4) – a direct link to it is here.

In summary: 

  • The area previously classified as “high risk” now forms only a part of  the area called the Voluntary Reporting Area (VRA)
  • Ships entering the VRA must still register with the Maritime Security Centre for the Horn of Africa (MSCHOA) and report to the United Kingdom Marine Trade Operations (UKMTO) to be monitored during transit;
  • Pre-transit risk assessments should take into account the latest information from both the Voluntary Reporting Area and High Risk Area.

The industry associations further emphasised that in view of the continuing high risk of pirate attack, shipping companies must continue to maintain full compliance with the BMP and be vigilant in their voluntary reporting on piracy incidents, sighting of potential pirates, and any suspicious activity – as this provides crucial intelligence on risk levels in the area.

Notes to editors
Contact details for the industry associations:


Gemma Wilkie, Communications Director

Tel: +45 44 366836                



Debra Munford (Elaborate Communications)

Tel +44 (0) 1296 682356



Bill Box, Senior Manager, External Relations and Communications & Marketing

Tel: +44 (0)20 7977 7023


Xianyong (Joe) Zhou, Operations Manager

Tel: +44 20 7977 7029



Russell Pegg, Security Adviser,

Tel: +44 (0) 207 654 1202